30 Doradus nebula and star clusters

This is a Hubble Space Telescope image of a pair of star clusters that are believed to be in the early stages of colliding. The clusters lie in the gigantic 30 Doradus Nebula, which is 170,000 light-years from Earth.

Hubble's circumstantial evidence for the impending collision comes from seeing an elongated structure in the cluster at upper left, and from measuring a different age between the two clusters.

Also, there is an unusually large number of high-velocity stars expelled from the region. This is a normal byproduct of a process called core collapse, in which more-massive stars sink to the centre of a cluster by ejecting lower-mass stars. However, both clusters are too young to have experienced core collapse. The ejected stars can be better explained if the two clusters are merging.

This nearby example of cluster interaction yields insights into how star clusters may have formed in the early Universe.

The Hubble image at upper right was made with Wide Field Camera 3 observations taken 20-27 October, 2009. The blue colour is light from the hottest, most massive stars; the green from the glow of oxygen; and the red from fluorescing hydrogen.

The colours in the wide-field image, made with Hubble's Wide Field Camera 3 and the Advanced Camera for Surveys, represent the hot gas that dominates regions of the image. Red signifies hydrogen gas and blue, oxygen. Hubble made the photo mosaic in October 2011.


NASA, ESA, D. Lennon and E. Sabbi (ESA/STScI), J. Anderson, S.E. de Mink, R. van der Marel, T. Sohn, and N. Walborn (STScI), N. Bastian (Excellence Cluster, Munich), L. Bedin (INAF, Padua), E. Bressert (ESO), P. Crowther (University of Sheffield), A. de Koter (University of Amsterdam), C. Evans (UKATC/STFC, Edinburgh), A. Herrero (IAC, Tenerife), N. Langer (AifA, Bonn), I. Platais (JHU), and H. Sana (University of Amsterdam)
Upper Right Image Credit: NASA, ESA, R. O'Connell (University of Virginia), and the WFC3 Science Oversight Committee

About the Image

NASA press release
NASA caption
Release date:20 August 2012, 17:11
Size:3000 x 2400 px

About the Object

Name:30 Dor, 30 Doradus, 30 Doradus Nebula, Tarantula Nebula
Type:Local Universe : Nebula : Type : Star Formation
Distance:170000 light years

Image Formats

Large JPEG
4.1 MB
Screensize JPEG
500.8 KB

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