Gravitational Lens 0038+4133

An Einstein ring can be seen in this image from the COSMOS project. An Einstein ring is a complete circle image of a background galaxy, which is formed when the background galaxy, a massive, foreground galaxy, and the Hubble Space Telescope are all aligned perfectly.

This lens is an example of the rich diversity of 67 strong gravitational lenses found in the COSMOS survey. The lenses were discovered in a recently completed, large set of observations as part of a project to survey a single 1.6-square-degree field of sky (nine times the area of the full Moon) with several space-based and Earth-based observatories.

Gravitational lenses occur when light travelling towards us from a distant galaxy is magnified and distorted as it encounters a massive object between the galaxy and us. These gravitational lenses often allow astronomers to peer much further back into the early Universe than they would normally be able to.


NASA, ESA, C. Faure (Zentrum für Astronomie, University of Heidelberg) and J.P. Kneib (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille)

About the Image

NASA press release
Release date:19 February 2008, 15:00
Related releases:heic0806
Size:599 x 600 px

About the Object

Type:Early Universe : Galaxy : Type : Gravitationally Lensed
Early Universe : Galaxy : Grouping : Cluster

Image Formats

Large JPEG
88.2 KB
Screensize JPEG
153.8 KB


Position (RA):10 0 38.29
Position (Dec):2° 41' 33.72"
Field of view:0.25 x 0.25 arcminutes
Orientation:North is -0.0° left of vertical

Colours & filters

814 nm Hubble Space Telescope

Notes: Information gathered by the Subaru telescope and CFHT were used to colour this ACS image.

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