The most crowded place in the Milky Way

This new NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image presents the Arches Cluster, the densest known star cluster in the Milky Way. It is located about 25 000 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Sagittarius (The Archer), close to the heart of our galaxy, the Milky Way. It is, like its neighbour the Quintuplet Cluster, a fairly young astronomical object at between two and four million years old.

The Arches cluster is so dense that in a region with a radius equal to the distance between the Sun and its nearest star there would be over 100 000 stars!

At least 150 stars within the cluster are among the brightest ever discovered in the the Milky Way. These stars are so bright and massive, that they will burn their fuel within a short time, on a cosmological scale, just a few million years, and die in spectacular supernova explosions. Due to the short lifetime of the stars in the cluster, the gas between the stars contains an unusually high amount of heavier elements, which were produced by earlier generations of stars.

Despite its brightness the Arches Cluster cannot be seen with the naked eye. The visible light from the cluster is completely obscured by gigantic clouds of dust in this region. To make the cluster visible astronomers have to use detectors which can collect light from the X-ray, infrared, and radio bands, as these wavelengths can pass through the dust clouds. This observation shows the Arches Cluster in the infrared and demonstrates the leap in Hubble’s performance since its 1999 image of same object.

Credit:

NASA & ESA

About the Image

Id:potw1521a
Type:Observation
Release date:25 May 2015, 10:00
Size:1068 x 954 px

About the Object

Name:Arches Cluster, Arches Star Cluster
Type:Milky Way : Star : Grouping : Cluster
Distance:25000 light years
Constellation:Sagittarius
Category:Star Clusters

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654.8 KB
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Coordinates

Position (RA):17 45 50.45
Position (Dec):-28° 49' 17.99"
Field of view:2.29 x 2.05 arcminutes
Orientation:North is 45.0° left of vertical

Colours & filters

BandWavelengthTelescope
Infrared
H2O/CH4
1.27 μm Hubble Space Telescope
WFC3
Infrared
H2O/CH4
1.39 μm Hubble Space Telescope
WFC3
Infrared
H2O/HN3
1.53 μm Hubble Space Telescope
WFC3

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