The study of exoplanets and protoplanetary discs
|Fomalhaut b, visible as a tiny speck in this image, is the first exoplanet to have been imaged in visible light.|
Hubble's high resolution has been indispensable in the investigation of the gas and dust disks, dubbed proplyds, around the newly born stars in the Orion Nebula. The proplyds may very well be young planetary systems in the early stages of creation. There is further information on proplyds in the section on the formation of stars.
The first detection of an atmosphere around an extrasolar planet was seen in a gas-giant planet orbiting the yellow, Sun-like star HD 209458, 150 light-years from Earth. The planet was not seen directly by Hubble. Rather, the presence of sodium as well as evaporating hydrogen, oxygen and carbon was detected in light filtered through the planet's atmosphere when it passed in front of its star as seen from Earth.
Hubble has been instrumental in studying these extra-solar planets but it has also helped to detect them as well. In 2008, Hubble made an image of the planet Fomalhaut b, a gas giant planet about three times the mass of Jupiter, which orbits the star Fomalhaut. This was the first ever image made of an exoplanet in visible light.
Related videos and images
- Hubblecast episode 22: Hubble directly observes planet orbiting Fomalhaut
- Animation: Artist's impression of exoplanet orbiting Fomalhaut
Related news releases
- Hubble directly observes planet orbiting Fomalhaut (2008)
- Hubble finds carbon dioxide on an extrasolar planet (2008)
- Hubble observations confirm that planets form from disks around stars (2006)
- Hubble finds 16 candidate extrasolar planets far across our galaxy (2006)
- Planet or failed star? (2006)
- European astronomers observe first evaporating planet (2003)