A black hole of puzzling lightness

This image taken with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) onboard the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope captures a galaxy in the Virgo constellation. This camera was installed in 2002, and its wide field of view is double that of its predecessor, capturing superb images with sharp image quality and enhanced sensitivity that can be seen here.

The beautiful spiral galaxy visible in the centre of the image is catchily known as RX J1140.1+0307, and it presents an interesting puzzle. At first glance, this galaxy appears to be a normal spiral galaxy, much like the Milky Way, but first appearances can be deceptive!

The Milky Way galaxy, like most large galaxies, has a supermassive black hole at its centre, but some galaxies are centred on lighter, intermediate-mass black holes. RX J1140.1+0307 is such a galaxy — in fact, it is centred on one of the lowest black hole masses known in any luminous galactic core. What puzzles scientists about this particular galaxy is that the calculations don’t add up. With such a relatively low mass for the central black hole, models for the emission from the object cannot explain the observed spectrum; unless there are other mechanisms at play in the interactions between the inner and outer parts of the accretion disc surrounding the black hole.

Credit:

ESA/Hubble & NASA

Acknowledgement: Judy Schmidt

About the Image

Id:potw1702a
Type:Observation
Release date:9 January 2017, 06:00
Size:3880 x 1921 px

About the Object

Name:RX J1140.1+0307
Type:Early Universe : Galaxy : Type : Spiral
Distance:1 billion light years
Constellation:Virgo
Category:Galaxies

Image Formats

Large JPEG
1.9 MB
Screensize JPEG
107.0 KB

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Coordinates

Position (RA):14 34 50.70
Position (Dec):3° 38' 41.10"
Field of view:3.23 x 1.60 arcminutes
Orientation:North is 95.6° left of vertical

Colours & filters

BandWavelengthTelescope
Optical
B
435 nm Hubble Space Telescope
ACS
Infrared
I
814 nm Hubble Space Telescope
ACS

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